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Alternative Cannabinoids Explained

WHAT IS DELTA 8 THC?

DELTA 8 THC (△8-TETRAHYDROCANNABINOL) IS JUST ONE OF THE 80 TO 100 CANNABINOIDS FOUND IN CANNABIS. WHILE DELTA 8 IS A HEMP DERIVED ISOMER OF CBD, IT POSSESS MANY SIMILARITIES IN EFFECT AND MOLECULAR COMPOSITION TO ITS BIG BROTHER, DELTA 9 THC. BOTH DELTA 8 AND DELTA 9 ARE PSYCHOACTIVE CHEMICALS THAT PRODUCE A HIGH WHEN CONSUMED. HOWEVER, DESPITE THEIR MANY SIMILARITIES , MOST USERS HAVE REPORTED A CLEANER, CALMER EFFECT FROM DELTA 8 THAN ITS BOLDER COUNTERPART.

WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN DELTA 8 THC & DELTA 9 THC?

SIMPLY PUT, △8 THC IS THE YOUNGER BROTHER TO △9 THC.

△9 THC, TYPICALLY REFERRED TO AS JUST ‘THC’ IS THE MOST COMMON AND FAMILIAR PSYCHOACTIVE COMPOUND PRESENT IN CANNABIS. HOWEVER, △9 THC ISN’T THE ONLY PSYCHOACTIVE CANNABINOID IN CANNABIS SATIVA L. – OTHER COMPOUNDS SUCH AS △8 THC ARE NATURALLY OCCURRING AND CREATE A HIGH WHEN CONSUMED.

WHAT IS HHC?

A NEWER PRODUCT TO GAIN POPULARITY, HHC IS AN ALTERNATIVE CANNABINOID MANUFACTURED THROUGH HYDROGENIZING ∆9 THC FROM HEMP DERIVED CBD. HHC USERS REPORT IT’S PSYCHOACTIVE EFFECTS ARE APPROXIMATELY 90% AS POTENT AS ∆9 THC. HHC IS LEGAL IN STATES WHERE THC CANNABINOIDS ARE BANNED. AS IT GAINS POPULARITY TIME WILL TELL DEFINITIVELY, HOWEVER HHC CURRENTLY SHOULDN’T BE PRESENT ON STANDARD DRUG TEST.

WHAT IS THC-O?

THC-O IS A MORE POTENT ALTERNATIVE CANNABINOID FALLING UNDER SIMILAR CLASSIFICATION AS ∆8 THC. THC-O USERS REPORT APPROXIMATELY 3.5 TIMES STRONGER POTENCY THAN ∆9 THC. THC-O IS FORMULATED BY ADDING ACETIC ANHYDRIDE, A COMMON COMPOUND FOUND IN ASPRIN, TO HEMP DERIVED THC.

WHAT IS THC-P?

AN EXTREMELY NEW PSYCHOACTIVE COMPOUND TO ENTER THE ALTERNATIVE CANNABINOID MARKET, THC-P IS MOST KNOWN FOR ITS EXTREME POTENCY. THC-P USERS & RECENT CANNABINOID STUDIES SUGGEST A 33 TIMES STRONGER POTENCY THAN ∆9 THC IN IT’S RAW FORM. THC-P IS A NATURALLY OCCURRING CANNABINOID AND ANALOG OF THC PRESENT IN VARIETIES OF CANNABIS. MOST THC-P PRODUCTS ON THE MARKET CURRENTLY INCLUDE CONTENT OF ROUGHLY 1.5%. THC-P FALLS UNDER SIMILAR CLASSIFICATION AS ∆8 THC.

ARE ALTERNATIVE CANNABINOIDS LEGAL?

DEPENDS WHERE YOU LIVE.

AT THE FEDERAL LEVEL, ALL HEMP PRODUCTS CONTAINING LESS THAN .3% △9 THC CONTENT ARE LEGAL PER THE 2018 FARM BILL.

HOWEVER, AS ALTERNATIVE CANNABINOID PRODUCTS GAIN POPULARITY – SOME STATES HAVE TAKEN DIFFERENT STANCES ON THE ISSUE. RESEARCH THE LAWS IN THE STATE YOU LIVE BEFORE YOU BUY!

IF YOU LIVE IN A STATE WITH A THC CANNABINOID BAN, LOOK TO OUR HHC PRODUCTS AS AN ALTERNATIVE!

WILL DELTA 8 THC GET ME HIGH?

YES.

ALL OF OUR PRODUCTS PRODUCE A PSYCHOACTIVE EFFECT WHEN CONSUMED. THIS INCLUDES, THC-O, THC-P & HHC.

Best Cannabis Strains for Winter

For many cannabis users around the world, growing their own herb is the most satisfying feeling. Unfortunately, not all of them have the luxury of living in warm climates where the sun shines all year.

Some people have found a way around this by growing cannabis indoors. But what if we told you there are cannabis strains out there that can grow in cold climates, even through the winter? Read on as we take you through some of the best cannabis strains for winter.

OG Kush

OG Kush is one of the most popular indica-dominant hybrids. Its origins remain uncertain, but it’s believed to be a cross between a Pakistani Kush, Chemdawg, and Lemon Thai.

Like its origins, its name is also quite mysterious; some people think the initials “OG” mean “Original Gangster,” while others think they mean “Ocean Grown” due to its Pacific Coast origins. That being said, it’s one of the easiest cannabis strains to grow and is sure to provide you with a pretty powerful stone.

If you want an early harvest, then you should probably try it out. OG Kush flowers in about 55 days and has relatively small plants. The plants have a good lateral branching with a bushy look. You can expect to harvest about 550 grams per m2 when you grow it outdoors.

A puff of OG Kush tastes like a mixture of exotic fruits with slight lemon essence. And after a couple of draws, you’ll experience an intense high due to its high potency. It has about 20% THC and 0.5% CBD.

Northern Lights Autoflower

Next up on our list is one of the highest-yielding automatic cannabis strains on the market. The high it provides doesn’t disappoint either.

Northern Lights Autoflower can be grown both indoors and outdoors. But if you want the best results in winter, a slightly warmer climate such as that in Spain or California is preferable.

This strain reaches a height of about 1.7 meters and is usually ready for harvest 9-10 weeks after germination. If you choose to grow it indoors, you can expect each plant to yield about 200 grams per m2, provided all its needs are met. But for the best yields, grow it outdoors. When grown outdoors, each plant yields about 400 grams per m2.

Northern Lights Auto is made of 70% indica, so a puff of it will give you that good old indica high, coupled with a pretty great flavor accentuated with notes of tropical fruits, pine, and citrus. It has a THC concentration of 20% and 0.2%.

Northern Lights Autoflower

Big White Widow Autoflower

If you are looking for a cannabis plant that will give you multiple harvests per year, then the Big White Widow Autoflower might just be the best strain for you. Thanks to its ruderalis parents, this strain will give you up to four harvests per year.

Big White Widow Autoflower grows into easy-to-manage plants that reach about 180cm tall outdoors and 120cm tall indoors. This makes it perfect for novice growers. The plants are generally ready for harvest about two months after flowering.

This strain has a similar taste to the original White but with a slightly lemony flavor that comes with hints of wood and incense. It also tastes slightly earthier than the original White due to its ruderalis parents. The smoke is relatively light, so it won’t make you cough. It has a THC content of 20% and 0.5% CBD.

Blue Cheese Autoflower

Have you ever had the Classic Blue Cheese? Well, the Blue Cheese Autoflower is the autoflowering variety of the strain. It comes from a cross between Blueberry Auto and Autoflowering Cheese. 

As the name suggests, this strain tastes like cheese, and the smell is also quite notable. So, if you plan on keeping your plants on the low, you might want to take some measures to disguise the scent.

Growing this plant is pretty easy. If you have minimal experience, then you’re good to go. You can grow it indoors, outdoors, or even in a greenhouse. It prefers a Mediterranean climate for the best results, but it will also grow in slightly cooler climates.

A few puffs of the Blue Cheese Autoflower will leave you feeling relaxed and utterly lazy. This makes it perfect for finishing off a day. It has a 16% THC and 0.3% CBD concentration.

Somango XXL

If you want a strain that will help you start your day full of optimism and creativity, then Somango XXL is the strain for you. And you don’t even have to be an expert to grow it. 

Somango XXL is pretty easy to grow and has impressive yields of up to 800 grams per m2. Even though it is an indica-dominant hybrid, Somango XXL has pretty balanced effects. This makes it ideal for starting the day with a lot of pep and the desire to do new exciting things. 

Unlike most indica-dominants, Somango XXL will not leave you fatigued throughout the day. This endearing quality makes it highly recommended for smokers who appreciate clarity and freshness, with a very mild physical effect. And with 18% THC content and a 1.5% CBD concentration, Somango XXL will give you a pretty cool stone.

Critical

Critical

Critical is one of the most resilient and robust cannabis strains on the market. It is perfect for growing outdoors from spring to autumn, but you might want to grow your plants indoors for the best results in winter.

With an average THC content of 18%, this indica-dominant hybrid will give you a balanced high without the overly relaxing and fatiguing effects associated with indica strains.

Critical has a fairly short growth period of about seven weeks and guarantees generous yields of up to 600 grams per m2. It’s also pretty easy to grow, so you don’t have to be an expert to try it out.

The Bottom Line

Winter can be pretty unbearable without something to get you through it. But with the above strains, you’re guaranteed a fun winter with the best high that cannabis has to offer. So, start early to enjoy some great home-grown cannabis.

How to Vape CBD Oil Like a Pro

CBD is fast garnering popularity, especially with its continued legalization. CBD products come with different delivery methods. Some popular methods include smoking pre-rolled joints or blunts, ingesting CBD gummies, or using a CBD oil tincture to place oral drops under the tongue.

A relatively new method of consuming CBD is through vaping. This method is fast gaining popularity among cannabis enthusiasts. By opting to vape CBD oil rather than ingest CBD, you’re allowing it direct access to your bloodstream via your lungs. It eliminates the need for digestion or metabolism, so you can expect quick results within minutes.

But before you hop on to the CBD vaping bandwagon, it’s important to first learn how to vape properly. In this guide, we go through the right way to vape CBD oil like a pro.

Choose the Appropriate Dosage

The first step in learning how to vape CBD oil like a pro is to get your dosage right. A small dosage means that you will not experience any of the desired results you were anticipating. On the other hand, a higher dose may subject you to intense effects like nausea, fatigue, or couchlock.

Determining the appropriate CBD dose will likely involve a bit of trial and error. How your body reacts to a particular CBD dose depends on a range of factors, including age, height, weight, health condition, genetics, usage history, and more. Ideally, you should consult your general doctor for appropriate medicinal CBD guidelines and recommendations.

Amongst recreational users, the common CBD dosage ranges between 10 mg and 30 mg per day. However, chronic pain sufferers may need a higher dose of almost 100 mg per day. If you’re a new kid on the block, start with a small dose and adjust it as you advance.

Most CBD vapes contain approximately 100 mg of CBD. So every puff delivers about 1mg or 2mg straight to your lungs and bloodstream. Make sure you don’t exceed 5 mg a day. You don’t want to overdose or develop high tolerance. Ideally, you should wait at least a few hours before you smoke another dose to see how your body responds to it.

Pick the Appropriate CBD Oil

Pick the Appropriate CBD Oil

Most people use CBD vape oil and CBD oil interchangeably as if these are the same thing. These two products are very different. And combining them is a recipe for a bad vaping experience.

CBD oil can be directly ingested. You simply add a few drops to your morning coffee or tea. You can also place a few drops under your tongue for faster absorption. But it’s not appropriate for vaping since it can ruin your vaporizer. It also combusts and loses its potency, and it leaves you with an awful aftertaste.

On the other hand, CBD vape oil is designed specifically for vaping. It’s infused in a carrier liquid that permits it to be vaporized without burning and ruining the vaporizer or losing its potency.

Get Yourself a High-Quality Vaping Device

You have picked the right dosage and the appropriate CBD vape oil. The next step to properly vape CBD oil is to choose the right vaporizer. The marketplace is littered with a wide range of options to pick from, including:

  •   Disposable vape pens
  •   CBD carts
  •   Refillable vape pens
  •   Pods

Disposable vape pens are the most affordably priced. They are small, discreet devices that look like cigarettes. They contain an integrated battery and heating mechanism and come already filled with CBD vape oil. The pre-filled CBD can last you about 100 puffs. Once used up, you’ll need another new vape pen.

CBD cartridges are slender, cylindrical-shaped tanks that come pre-filled with CBD vape juice or distillate. Ideally, you need to purchase cartridges that match your vape pen and vice versa. For example, a 510 cartridge will only work with a vape pen featuring a 510-thread battery. When CBD oil is used up, you get a new cartridge.

As the name implies, refillable vape pens can be refilled once the vape juices are used up. They feature a battery, heating coil mechanism, a tank, and a mouthpiece. These rechargeable devices call for maintenance, regular cleaning, and coil changing. While they require a hefty initial outlay, they are more economical if you’re likely to vape CBD oil for years.

Get Yourself a High-Quality Vaping Device

Take Slow Puffs

To start with, read the instruction manual to ensure you have the right type of battery and cartridge for a pleasant vaping experience. The manual will guide you on how to clean your vaporizer, load the cartridge, and position the batteries.

Once the battery is in place, switch on the vape pen and inhale the resulting vapor. If you’re using a refillable vape pen, you will need to wait for at least 15 seconds once you switch on the device before you can start inhaling.

The right way to vape CBD oil is to go slow and steady. Draw in the smoke for about three seconds, keep the inhaled vapor in your lungs for several seconds, then slowly puff out. If you’re vaping for the first time, take a minute between each puff to see how your body responds. Begin with a low dose and only proceed to take more puffs if you don’t feel any effects.

The average user vapes CBD about twice a day. However, it will depend on your medical condition and what desired effect you want to experience. If you want relief from chronic pain, for example, you may need to vape CBD oil a couple of times daily. Equally, a short vape session is ideal for those looking for an energy boost in the morning.

The Bottom Line

Vaping CBD oil like a pro is not complicated. The trick is to get your dosage right, pick appropriate CBD vape oil, get a good CBD vaporizer, and take slow puffs. Because this delivery method delivers the hemp extracts straight into your lungs, the effects are immediate and long-lasting.

You can vape CBD oil viable alternative for smoking cigarettes. It’s a safer, healthier option that is free of nicotine and other harmful substances associated with smoking traditional cigarettes. Remember to begin slowly and scale your way up for the best vaping experience. 

Effects of Marijuana Use: How Weed Affects Your Mind and Body

Marijuana is one of the most used mind-altering substances in the U.S. At the state level, the general public can buy the drug at licensed dispensaries and drugstores. This is despite cannabis’ official designation under federal law as a Schedule 1 drug which means it is prohibited with no accepted medical use. 

As legalization at the state level continues, more and more people are curious about the effects of marijuana use. Below, we look at the different ways in which cannabis affects your mind and body. Read on for more insights.

Pain Relief

Pot contains hundreds of active compounds called cannabinoids. Out of the huge list, there are two medically important active compounds:

  • Cannabidiol (CBD)
  • Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

THC triggers specific cannabinoid receptors located in the nerve and immune cells. When activated, the receptors work to reduce the sensation of pain

THC is also famous for its psychoactive effects. In other words, it’s the active compound in cannabis that gets you high. The “high” that you get after consuming marijuana plays an important role in perceiving pain. It gives you euphoria that lessens your perception of pain, similar to the way pain medications work.

On the other hand, CBD won’t get you high. Instead, it eases pain in more physical ways. For example, it reduces inflammation and irritation in the affected area.

The difference between THC and CBD’s pain management mechanisms is that THC changes how the mind experiences discomfort while cannabidiol eases pain at the local source. So picking a cannabis product with a blend of CBD and THC does a great job alleviating the type of pain you’re experiencing. 

Feel Good Sensation

Typically, THC activates the brain’s reward system via cannabinoid receptors. The reward system includes regions that produce pleasurable feelings when you do healthy pleasurable behaviors like eating or having sex. 

Initially, many people thought that THC produced feel-good effects by flooding the brain with dopamine. Research has, however, debunked this myth by proving that consuming marijuana only secretes a modest amount of dopamine.

So if it’s not dopamine, what brings pleasure after consuming cannabis? Research points to a neurotransmitter known as anandamide. Anandamide is also known as the “bliss molecule,” and it produces a heightened sense of happiness and joy.

So when you smoke or vape cannabis, THC hits your brain cells within seconds and activates your brain’s neurons. This causes the neurotransmitter, anandamide, to bind to the correct receptor. This, in turn, produces a sense of bliss.

Sadly, anandamide quickly disintegrates, similar to other neurotransmitters. This means it can’t create a long-lasting state of happiness.

Euphoric High

Euphoric High

The endocannabinoid system is found in the brain. It controls the discharge of virtually every neurotransmitter. Neurotransmitters are the means of communication used between brain neurons or cells. 

One brain cell communicates with another by discharging neurotransmitters like serotonin, anandamide, or dopamine, into a tiny gap that separates each neuron from the other. The space is known as the synapse.

The postsynaptic neuron receives neurotransmitters across the synapse from the presynaptic neuron. As an information recipient, the postsynaptic neuron ultimately chooses whether to fire depending on the message it receives. After firing, for example, it can send back a “stop” response across the synapse through endocannabinoids that attach to the CB1 receptor. 

When THC molecules hit the brain cells, they flood the endocannabinoid system with feedback messages the postsynaptic neurons did not send. In effect, the presynaptic neuron receives the feedback message to stop transmitting neurotransmitters. This affects the normal flow of information involving neurons. Consequently, you experience a euphoric high.

Increased Heart Rate

The normal human heart rate ranges from 60-80 beats a minute. When you inhale cannabis, your heartbeat increases dramatically. The National Institute on Drug Abuse claims that the increased heart rate may last from 20 minutes to three hours. 

CB1 receptors are present across the entire body’s cardiovascular system. They are found on the heart muscle and surrounding blood vessels. They control the brain nerves that regulate heart rate. The THC in marijuana activates these CB1 receptors, which in turn results in a dramatic increase in heart rate among consumers. 

The increased heart rate is a response to compensate for the low blood pressure brought about by THC. Low blood pressure occurs when THC enlarges the size of blood vessels, in turn compelling the heart to work incredibly harder to pump blood. So the higher the THC content, the harder the heart must work. 

Time Perception

Cannabis users often report how minutes can feel like hours. In other words, their sense of time becomes distorted. But is there a scientific explanation for this time distortion phenomenon?

Research experiments back up the individual reports that cannabis prolongs time. For instance, in a 2001 research experiment, rodents that ingested chemicals that triggered their CB1 receptors mirrored time underproduction much like humans. In contrast, those that ingested a chemical that inhibited these receptors experienced time overproduction. 

Time underproduction occurs because THC speeds up a person’s internal clock, making them think that external time is passing more slowly. As a result, five minutes might feel like 10 minutes. Once you sober up, however, these feelings disappear. 

So how does marijuana speed up our internal, subjective clocks?

The thalamo-corticostriatal circuit is a brain network that’s crucial to how humans perceive time. This system of brain regions also contains numerous cannabinoid receptors. Thus, when THC-rich marijuana hits the brain, it upsets the normal operations of these receptors. For this reason, it leads to wrong time perception.

Increased Appetite

Increased Appetite

Besides getting high, an increase in appetite is perhaps marijuana’s most known effect. It’s popularly called “the munchies.” Both THC and CBD affect appetite in contrasting ways. 

THC triggers cravings for sweet-tasting foods through a series of mechanisms as discussed below:

  • First, THC boosts the hormone ghrelin, which induces feelings of hunger. Typically, when you have an empty stomach, your body releases the hunger hormone ghrelin. This, in turn, sends a signal to the brain to produce the feeling of hunger. THC is powerful because it can boost ghrelin and set off the hunger sensation even if you don’t have an empty stomach. 
  • Secondly, THC molecules bind to a region of the brain associated with appetite control. This action is controlled by the numerous CB1 receptors found in this particular section of the brain. 
  • Third, THC increases dopamine release. Dopamine is a hormone in the brain that’s associated with pleasurable feelings. So you feel good from eating. Moreover, THC may also boost your sense of taste and smell, thus increasing your appetite. 

Unlike THC, CBD does not cause munchies. Instead, it may increase your appetite by easing nausea and calming your digestive tract and nervous system. You tend to eat more when you feel less nauseated. However, unlike THC, there is less evidence that backs up how CBD can increase one’s appetite.

Are you wondering about obesity due to the munchies effect? Well, research findings from a 2014 experiment revealed that using cannabis does not affect one’s body weight.

Better Sex Life

If you’ve added weed to your sex life, you must have experienced a variety of different thoughts and sensations as a result. Weed completely changes the bedroom vibe in the following ways:

More Sex

According to a 2017 study printed in the Journal of Sexual Medicine, cannabis users have about 20 percent more sex compared to people who don’t use marijuana at all. So over the duration of a year, they may have sex 20 times more than non-users.

Last Longer in Bed

Time appears to slow down after smoking cannabis. So the same effect happens in bed. It might be tempting to conclude that weed helps users last in bed. However, there’s the fact that weed alters your perception of time when having sex. So you might feel that sex lasts longer when you’re intoxicated, while there might not be really a major time difference from when you are clear-headed.

More Pleasurable Experience

A small study involving 373 women discovered that marijuana users tend to experience a more enjoyable sexual experience compared to those who didn’t use the drug. In particular, a number of women noted more pleasurable orgasms and a burning sex drive. 

More Pleasurable Experience

Decreased Sexual Inhibitions

It’s also worth noting that cannabis reduces all sorts of inhibitions. Researchers point to the drug’s ability to ease sexual anxiety and shyness as the reason behind the overall good sexual experience. This echoes numerous studies that reveal that weed affects all types of anxiety disorders. 

Weed users also report being open-minded to try out specific sexual activities that they might have reservations about when sober. So it helps with sexual exploration.

On the flip side, having sex when high is more likely to make you throw out caution and engage in unsafe sex. In a 2010 study, there was a correlation between cannabis use and a reduced habit of condom use. As a result, this leads to a higher prevalence of STIs. Being high may also affect your interpretation of consent. You may misinterpret consent when your partner is not on board with your sexual wishes. 

Increases Sedation Requirements During Surgery

A 2019 study found out that persons with a regular habit of consuming marijuana required stronger doses of sedation medication before their procedures. This was in comparison to their counterparts, who used little or no cannabis at all.

According to the findings, regular weed users needed the following increased percentages of sedation medications:

  • Fentanyl (14 percent more)
  • Midazolam (19.6 percent more)
  • Propofol (220.5 percent more)

Researchers suggest that regular cannabis use desensitizes the receptor cells responsible for processing sedatives. For this reason, you may need more or stronger doses.

Causes Relaxation or Anxiety

For some people, cannabis helps to ease their anxiety and bring about a state of joyful relaxation. However, a sizable number also assert that marijuana triggers paranoia and panic mode—others experience both effects. Sometimes, a couple of puffs are what it takes to bring relaxation. Other times, similar few puffs lead to full-blown panic and anxiety. 

It begs the question: Why is pot an acclaimed remedy for anxiety in some people and not others?

The trick is to understand the difference between the two major active compounds in cannabis, namely CBD and THC. And how it affects the type of anxiety you’re experiencing.

Types of anxiety

  • Anticipatory
  • Generalized
  • Panic disorder
  • Depression-related

Remember that these different types of anxiety react differently to marijuana. So if your type of anxiety results in a “blah” feeling, then THC is recommended for elevating your spirits. Likewise, persons who have depression-related anxiety may find THC helpful due to its euphoric properties.

However, THC, particularly in high doses, may lead to serious side effects like racing thoughts and increased heart rate. All these may worsen certain types of fretfulness. So CBD may be a better alternative.

Because cannabidiol is non-psychoactive, it doesn’t result in such negative effects. It influences your serotonin system. Thus, it can help to ease some anticipatory anxiety, panic disorders, and general social anxiety. 

A Perfect THC and CBD Balance

A Perfect THC and CBD Balance

A cannabis-derived product with both THC and CBD produces an entourage effect to ease your anxiety symptoms.

Ideally, look for a cannabis product with these two cannabinoids. CBD helps to counteract the psychoactive effects of THC. Ultimately, you experience a balanced effect. Always start slow and low with any cannabis dosage.

The Bottom Line

Cannabis is attracting a lot of attention for its array of effects, especially with its legalization at the state level. Researchers have only discovered the tip of the iceberg of this amazing plant. Plenty of questions still linger on how weed affects the body and brain. A lot is still unknown, so more research is required.

That said, if you choose to indulge in cannabis, do so responsibly. Everyone reacts differently to this herb, so talk to your doctor first before using it for any medicinal purpose. Ideally, start with a low dose and see how your body responds. 

A Complete Guide to Popular Cannabis Smoking Pipes and Devices

While there are many ways to consume cannabis, from edibles and capsules to rolling papers and nasal sprays, smoking remains a popular way to enjoy weed. And thanks to cannabis smoking pipes, you no longer need to learn how to roll a joint.

The weed pipe is a small handheld device available in cannabis dispensaries. Users of cannabis pipes advocate for this consumption method because of its simplicity and discreetness.

Today’s weed consumers can find a weed pipe that fits their lifestyle and individual preferences. Are you new to the world of smoking cannabis? Here’s a list of popular weed pipes and devices that you can use to enhance your smoking experience.

Hand Pipes

Hand pipes are also called spoons. They are a classic, age-old device used for smoking marijuana. As the name implies, they are handheld and feature a bowl and a stem. The bowl-shaped area is where you place your cannabis flowers. The stem is from where you draw in the smoke. 

There’s a hole on the underside of the bowl. It allows smoke to pass through the stem and the carb. The carb is a larger hole located on the side of the bowl. It’s extremely important to the hand pipe’s experience as it controls airflow inside the pipe. 

The carb hole controls airflow in the hand pipe in two ways. First, when lighting the dry herbs on the bowl, you should cover the carb opening using your thumb finger. This helps to produce the smoke and stop it from escaping. And then, when inhaling the smoke, remove your thumb from the carb. The airflow will guide the smoke into your lungs.

Hand pipes are popularly made from high-quality glass, though wood and metal varieties are also available. Below are some of the typical considerations when shopping for a hand pipe. 

  • Size: With size, the matter of portability and discreetness comes to the fore. Does the pipe fit well in your pocket or hand? Is the pipe small enough to provide a level of discreetness that you desire when smoking?
  • Color and Style: It all boils down to your personal preferences
  • Bowl size: The bowl holds the flower. The bowl depth and size will determine the amount of cannabis you can pack and burn.

Hand Pipes

Water Pipes

Water pipes are also known as bongs. They feature the following parts:

  • A neck or tube
  • Bowl to accommodate dried weed 
  • A base to be filled with water

Water pipes are made from high-quality, durable glass. What makes them unique is the way they sieve and cool the smoke when burning cannabis flowers. 

They come with a small bowl for packing dried weed. First, you light up and burn the flower. When inhaling, the water in the base of your bong percolates or bubbles. The water gets rid of the dry heat felt when smoking a joint. 

The outcome is a cooler and smoother hit that is less harsh to your lungs. You may even add ice in the water pipe to further ease the harshness of the weed smoke. To smoke from the device, you put your lips on the mouthpiece placed at the top of the neck. The smoke passes through the water and along with the chamber before you can inhale it via your mouth.

Vaporizers

A research study was conducted among 364 adults on their preferred methods to consume medical marijuana. Of the participants, 53 % cited vaporizers as their ideal cannabis smoking pipe. Further, 80% backed vaporizers as a healthier substitute for other cannabis smoking methods like hand pipes or bongs.

Vaporizers consist of batteries and small heating coils. They heat the dry herb, CBD oil, or wax concentrate to activate the tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) that gets you high. That is why they are called vaporizers, vapes, or vape pens. 

Vapes often deliver a purer and stronger hit compared to combusted marijuana. Plus, the vaporized THC may have fewer toxins. Because they are discreet, vaporizers can be used in social places where cannabis or cigarette smoke is not allowed.

Vapes come in two forms of heating systems: conduction and convection heating.

Conduction Heating

For conduction heating vaporizers, the cannabis flower is in direct contact with the heating mechanism. This results in a faster heat time. Because the weed is heated at the right temperature without burning, it emits a less earthy smell.

Don’t allow the weed to stay too close to the heating mechanism for too long. Otherwise, it will burn thus, ruining the purpose of vaping. Ideally, shift the product around inside the chamber. 

Vaporizers

Convection Heating

With convection vaporizers, the cannabis flower is not in direct contact with the heating mechanism. Alternatively, heated air from the heating mechanism wafts around the vape, indirectly vaporizing the dry herb. For this one, you can be sure your flower won’t burn. Plus, the vapor is flavorful and consistent. However, the flower may take some time to fire up, so you’ll need to be patient.

Vaporizers are also classified in terms of how they vaporize the product. They include:

  • Herb vaporizers: These vapes come with a chamber where the dried flower is packed. The weed is heated to activate the active compounds in the flower and inhaled as concentrated vapor. 
  • Oil pens: Rather than packing dry herbs in the chamber, cannabis oil concentrate is filled inside the oil pen. Vaporized oil is more potent compared to vaporized dried flowers. Depending on your preference, you can opt for either a single-use pen or a reusable vaporizer. 
  • Wax pens: Wax vaporizers feature three main parts: the battery, mouthpiece, and atomizer. The cannabis wax is heated into vapor inside the atomizer. Wax has a higher potency than oil or herb. 

Glass Blunts

Another popular pipe of choice for cannabis enthusiasts is a glass blunt. Glass blunts are small and discreet pipes made from glass. Their portable size, ease of use, and reusability make them a popular choice among consumers constantly on the go. Glass blunts provide a similar cannabis smoking experience to hand-rolled blunts but in a more convenient package.

Thanks to glass blunts, smokers can now enjoy smoking a blunt without knowing how to roll a wrap. The glass design allows for a smooth hit while not limiting the amount of flowers you can pack. Typically, you can load about one gram of dried flower in your glass pipe.

Most glass blunts allow you to load your product through an extended mouthpiece. And as the product burns, you can push the mouthpiece forward to cast out the ash. Some glass blunts feature the twist-action capability, which allows you to load the blunt fuller. 

Yes, all glass products are delicate. However, glass blunts are constructed from superior borosilicate glass. This is a more durable form of glass compared to standard glass. As a result, it can endure all sorts of minor bumps, drops, or scratches.

One-hitters

The contemporary one-hitter cannabis device is also known as the chillum. It is a small slim pipe intended for “one hit” of weed. It can hold about 25 milligrams of product for each hit. Here are reasons why the one-hitter device is popular among smokers.

They Are Discreet and Portable

Owing to its slim design, this device allows for discreet smoking. Perhaps you have to travel a longer distance to work. In this case, a blunt or bong does not make for a good smoking method. A one-hitter delivers the perfect hit for that specific morning wake and bake. Equally, you can use it to unwind after a long day at work.

For discreet smokers, using a dab rig or a bong is not practical. However, a single hitter affords you this convenience as you move on with your schedule. 

One-hitters

You Save on Your Weed Supplies

Times may be hard economically. So it means you need to use marijuana efficiently and avoid wastage to save money. An efficient way to smoke cannabis is through a one-hitter device. It saves on your flower through microdosing. 

For this reason, you will never overindulge because you only smoke the right amount to get high. Ultimately, you can save hundreds of dollars from using a one-hitter smoking device. 

You Are Able to Observe Your Tolerance Limit

You’re never exceeding your tolerance limit with this smoking device. One-hitter lets you smoke a fraction of what a blunt smoker smokes yet still achieves the same high. All this is attributed to marijuana tolerance control.

It follows that the lower you maintain your weed tolerance limit, the less harsh it is for your lung health and quality of life. You will be able to control your smoking habit with a one-hitter device.

Dab Rigs

You can now smoke cannabis in the form of concentrates. Wax concentrates have a higher THC content and need a specific smoking device. They are suited for experienced weed smokers who are looking to go beyond their typical tolerance limit.

Made from glass or silicone, a dab rig is a type of weed pipe designed solely for smoking concentrates like:

  • Propane hash oil
  • Rosin
  • Shatter
  • Butane hash oil
  • C02 oils
  • Resin
  • Diamonds
  • Distillate

Dab rigs can easily be confused for bongs. However, the main difference is that they feature a dab nail in the place of a bowl piece. You need a dab tool to load the concentrates on the heated nail. A butane torch or a hot air heating gun is used to heat the nail. Once the nail is heated and allowed to cool for a couple of seconds, you then apply the concentrate onto the nail. 

Thereafter, a carb cap is fitted above the nail. This allows for consistent product distribution and maximum vapor production. Ultimately, the vapor passes from the nail across the rig and into the lungs. 

Unlike water pipes, standard rigs don’t feature the classic percolators. Instead, they come in designs like tornado percs, fab eggs, or recyclers. 

Dab Rigs

Nectar Collector

You might confuse a nectar collector with a vaporizer. It isn’t. Look at it as a pocket-sized concentrate bubbler. It’s designed for inhaling concentrates. 

These dab straws come in a variety of shapes and sizes. While others are small and compact for use when you’re on the go, others are large and intended for indoor use. They are also designed from various materials, including quartz, silicone, and glass. 

Nectar collectors are more portable than dab rigs because they have fewer moving sections. They can also fit well in the pocket owing to their small size. While glass or quartz designs produce the best vapor quality and flavor, silicone dab straws are more portable. In fact, you can fold them up for use anywhere. Plus, they are extremely durable.

They feature these four main parts:

  • A removable mouthpiece
  • Body (straight tube/ chamber)
  • Tip 
  • Percolators

You can effectively control the amount of vaporized concentrate you inhale. Initially, you had no option but to finish off a fast vaporizing dab you had packed onto a heated nail. But now, you can cool your concentrate as and when you feel like it. To do this, simply insert the hot tip of your device into the concentrate plate as you pull it. 

To use the nectar collector, just open the middle chamber and fill the water inside. Heat the nail to the right dab temperature using a torch. Ideally, low temperatures allow for optimal terpene preservation. After heating the tip, allow it to cool, and then put your mouth on the mouthpiece as you hold the tip inside the wax glass container. The wax concentrate will soon vaporize, so you should breathe it in immediately.

The Bottom Line

The continued legalization of marijuana has translated into a growing interest in smoking pipes as a way of consuming weed.

Those mentioned above are the popular types of weed pipes you may encounter in the ganja world. Some of these cannabis smoking pipes feature a carb to promote airflow and are safe for your respiratory health. You can try out each one of them to find one that meets your stoner needs.

How to Make Magic Mushroom Chocolates

Blending mushrooms with chocolates has a long history. It dates back to thousands of years when the Aztecs prepared magic brews using psilocybin and cacao. They referred to it as “god of mushroom.” 

There are numerous benefits of blending mushrooms with chocolates. The most important one is that mushrooms have a taste that may be unappealing to many consumers, but it becomes more palatable when blended with chocolate.

Chocolate also has an impressive array of health benefits. It has a high nutritional value composed of healthy fats, fiber, and essential minerals. It also boosts the brain’s ability to produce serotonin.

Read on to discover the ingredients and a recipe for making delectable magic mushroom chocolate. But first, let’s dive into what magic mushroom chocolate is.

What Is Mushroom Chocolate?

Magic mushrooms, also known as mushies, are cultivated mushrooms. They contain a psychoactive and hallucinogenic component known as psilocybin. The compound was first identified and isolated in 1958 by a Swiss chemist, Dr. Albert Hofmann. 

Magic mushrooms have long and thin stems with a whitish-gray appearance. Their caps are dark brown and have a rust color when dried. You can consume them by eating, incorporating them into food, or brewing them with tea for drinking. 

Mushroom chocolate bars make it easier to consume the shrooms. They improve the taste, which has resulted in the emergence of thousands of mushroom chocolate recipes. Though consuming shrooms with chocolate is appealing, there are numerous side effects associated with excessive consumption of mushroom chocolate. These include drowsiness, headaches, dilated pupils, muscle weakness, and increased blood pressure, among others, so when you do consume this delicacy, make sure you don’t take too much. 

On the bright side, some ancient perceptions claim that magic mushroom chocolate is effective in spiritual experiences, awakenings, and self-discovery. 

Ingredients for Making Magic Mushroom Chocolate

Ingredients for Making Magic Mushroom Chocolate

The key ingredients in a magic mushroom recipe are powdered or chopped mushrooms and chocolate. Any other additive incorporated in the blend entirely depends on your preference. Some recommendations claim that flavorings should be oil-based and heated separately. This is because a cool additive can cause your mixture to be clumpy. The amount you make relies on the amount of shroom and chocolate you have. Below is a list of what’s required:

  • Magic mushrooms: They should be dried. This makes them easier to chop or grind.
  • Chocolate: It can be in bars, chips, or any other available form. 
  • A sharp knife or grinder: Which one you pick depends on whether you want to chop your shrooms or crush them into fine powder.
  • A large saucepan
  • 2 tbsp crushed toffee (optional)
  • 2 tbsp shredded coconut (optional)
  • Non-stick baking sheets

You should also have a weighing scale. It’s imperative in making accurate measurements. The ideal dosage for a beginner is 1 gram of dried mushroom. However, you can decrease or increase the amount, depending on your psychedelic experience. Some seasoned consumers can go up to 3 to 5 grams.

You can also use a mushroom calculator to determine the proper mushroom dosage relevant to the potency and level of trip you want. The calculator will use your weight to work out the recommended dosage.

Procedure

Your mushrooms should be completely dry. This is because even the slightest moisture can distort your preparation. Follow these steps:

  1. Cut the mushrooms into easily manageable pieces. You can also grind them into a fine powder using a grinder. If so, ensure that they’re evenly ground.
  2. Pour your chocolate into a glass bowl. If you’re using chocolate chips, pour half the bag into the bowl. And if you’re using a chocolate bar, break it into small pieces. Use whatever amount you desire. 
  3. Place the bowl containing chocolate in boiling water. Preferably, you can place it in a saucepan with half-filled water. This will melt the chocolate in the bowl. The chocolate should not get wet. You can also use a microwave to melt the chocolate. However, there is a risk of burning the core ingredient.
  4. After melting the chocolate, remove the bowl from the pan and allow it to cool. This should take about a minute. You should monitor the cooling process to prevent the hardening of the chocolate. 
  5. Make sure that the chocolate has cooled, then mix it with the mushrooms and stir them together. Ensure that you have a smooth mixture by distributing the mushroom evenly throughout the chocolate. In case there are clumps, break them to achieve a smooth mixture. At this point, you can add the crushed coconut and toffee or any other ingredient of your choice.
  6. Pour the mushroom-baked chocolate onto the baking sheet. You can also use molds or small paper cups. 
  7. Cool the chocolate by placing it in a refrigerator. Alternatively, you can place it in a pan with ice-cold water. Your mixture is correctly set when it’s completely solid. Then you can enjoy it! 

Mushroom chocolate’s effects are the same as those you get when you take shrooms on their own. They kick in about 20 to 40 minutes after ingestion. However, some mushroom varieties may take longer to kick in. This may take 45 minutes to one hour. 

Additionally, the length of a trip on mushroom chocolates entirely depends on the variety of psilocybin and ingested amounts. A gram of mushroom can stimulate effects for up to 3 hours. Hence, when purchasing mushroom chocolate bars instead of making them, you should find out their content and potency first. 

Making Magic Mushroom Chocolate

The Bottom Line

Mushroom chocolates are a great way to spice up your magic mushroom consumption. It makes them more palatable and adds to their nutritional value. The good news is that you can make this delicacy in the comfort of your home. This gives you the liberty to use additives of your choice to spice up your shroom chocolate mixture.

However, you should note that most countries around the world do not permit such preparations. They are illegal and technically deemed as Schedule I drugs. This may result in an arrest. Furthermore, excessive consumption of magic mushroom chocolates may cause adverse effects. Thus, you should take them in controlled doses. 

The Best Cannabis Strains for Beginners

The cannabis industry can be confusing, especially if you are a newcomer. Many assume that cannabis is just a single plant, but it’s not. The plant has several strains, each with its own characteristics and traits. Note that people react differently to these strains, which is why you want to select the right one for you. 

As a beginner, you can be overwhelmed by the terms used by cannabis users. You may have heard about sativa, indica, and hybrids but wondered what the terms meant or what their difference was. This guide will show you some of the cannabis strains that work better for beginners and various terms used in the cannabis world. Let’s begin by going through the different marijuana categories available on the market.

Marijuana Categories

Cannabis has more than 700 strains, classified into three main categories: indica, sativa, and hybrids. However, some cultivators have been cross breeding these categories to produce new distinctive strains.

Each strain category delivers different effects. Sativa is more energizing and invigorating, while indica is calming and relaxing. Hybrids can be dominated by sativa or indica characteristics or a balance of the two.

Mostly, budtenders will make strain recommendations based on your needs. With that in mind, let’s look at the best cannabis strains for beginners. 

Blue Dream

Blue Dream is a potent crossbreed of Blueberry and Haze. The strain is known to offer full-body relaxation and pleasant taste. Its relaxation effect comes from terpenes, which counteract the high THC levels. Blue dream has a high THC concentration, giving you an instant energetic high. This strain can help relieve stress and anxiety. However, it may not work well for beginners suffering from anxiety disorders because it’s an immediate kicking stimulant.

Jack Herer

Jack Herer is a sativa-dominant strain named after the legendary Jack Herer, an American cannabis rights activist. The product is a crossbreed of three strains: Shiva Skunk, Haze, and Nothern Lights #5. It has a bold taste and can be pretty potent. Jack Herer is suitable for beginners looking for a euphoric, energizing, and uplifting cannabis product. The hashish works to alleviate fatigue, stress, and ADHD effects. 

Jack Herer comes with fruity, herbal, and peppery flavors due to the presence of terpinolene, myrcene, and beta-caryophyllene terpenes. However, some Jack Herer variants are dominated by limonene terpenes, giving them a strong lemon flavor.

Jack Herer

Blueberry

Blueberry is an indica hybrid strain that’s a crossbreed of Purple Thai, Thai, and Afghan strains. The three strains give this hybrid a strong genetic backbone. Developed between 1970 and 1980, Blueberry variations are likely to dominate the industry for many years to come. You can distinguish the strain through its piney, fruity, lavender, and slight pepper taste. It has a high THC content. 

Cannatonic

Cannatonic is a CBD strain derived from MKUltra and G13 Haze crossbreeds. The strain produces a short yet mellow high to give you a relaxing effect. Cannatonic is popular among medical marijuana patients since it’s known to relieve pain and anxiety. You cannot fail to notice its pine, herbal, and pepper flavors. These flavors are brought about by the presence of beta-caryophyllene, pinene, and myrcene terpenes. 

Harlequin

Harlequin is a sativa-dominant strain. It’s a crossbreed of Colombian Gold, Thai, and Swiss Sativa, as well as Nepali Indica. Some users say that this strain is more uplifting than Cannatonic. It’s ideal for beginners since it’s a combination of low THC and high CBD. The strain can be used to alleviate pain and anxiety. 

For a beginner, it can be a bit difficult to distinguish between Harlequin and Cannatonic. Both strains have a mango flavor that comes from terpene myrcene. However, their concentrations are different. 

Hindu Kush

The Hindu Kush is an indica strain named after the Kush mountains. It’s known for its calming effects. However, some users have reported relatively higher uplifting and euphoric effects. As a result, Hindu Kush can be ideal for beginners looking to relieve pain and stress. 

Compared to most cannabis strains, Hindu Kush has a more citrusy, peppery flavor. The flavor comes from terpenes such as pinene, limonene, and beta-caryophyllene. One aspect that distinguishes the Hindu Kush from other strains is its organic heritage. When cultivated in lower altitudes, the strain grows tall like sativa. However, it has a short and bushy growth in higher altitudes. These properties help the Hindu Kush adapt to different environmental conditions.

The strain is known for its spicy, vanilla, earthy, and sandalwood flavors. The flavors could be due to the presence of myrcene and delta-3-carene terpenes.

Hindu Kush

Sour Tsunami

Sour Tsunami is a crossbreed of NYC Diesel and Sour Diesel. These strains are known to have rich concentrations of CBD, making Sour Tsunami a high-CBD hybrid. Sour Tsunami comes with a fruity, herbal piney flavor, suggesting the presence of myrcene, pine, and terpinolene. The hashish is known to alleviate pain and inflammation in medical marijuana patients. 

What makes Sour Tsunami unique is its well-balanced mix of indica and sativa. More importantly, Sour Tsunami is famous for its medicinal properties, thanks to its high CBD concentration. It’s great for beginners because it doesn’t produce a high

White Widow 

White Widow is balanced hybrid hashish created in the Netherlands. During its creation, growers bred a Brazilian Sativa and an Indian Indica to produce it. The hashish has more THC than CBD and gives users an instant cerebral effect. Consumers have reported an uplift in mood and energy, helping them perform boring activities like house chores and solve complex problems. Although it can cause paranoia, the product is ideal for beginners looking for a relaxed yet hyper-aware high. 

The Bottom Line

As a beginner, you should look beyond the typical sativa and indica characteristics when looking for an ideal cannabis strain. Some terpenes will cater to your flavor needs. You wouldn’t want to smoke a lemony-flavored flower when you’re allergic to lemons or a piney strain when you can’t stand the smell of pines. With the above information in mind, you can make a more informed decision when shopping for your strains. 

Terpene Flavor Guide: Where Cannabis Gets Its Taste

Marijuana has a distinctive scent and flavor. If you open a bag of marijuana, you’ll instantly smell a citrusy scent wafting to your nostrils. You might also notice a hint of lavender, pine, or pepper. Some strains even smell like cheese. Most weed enthusiasts love the different scents and flavors, as it whets their appetite before a smoking session. So, what is responsible for weed’s distinctive aromas and flavors?

Terpenes are organic compounds responsible for the smell in plants, flowers, fruits, and vegetables. As with any other plant, a marijuana strain’s unique flavor and aroma are also attributed to terpenes. 

Read on to learn about the different terpenes and their unique tastes. 

Terpenes in Marijuana

Terpenes are organic compounds located within the weed plant’s trichomes or resinous glands. THC and CBD are also secreted from the same glands. They are a naturally occurring blend of carbon and hydrogen atoms. As we mentioned, these compounds are behind the flavor and aroma profiles of various plants. Today, manufacturers use isolated terpenes to produce the flavors and aromas of several everyday products like body lotions, foods, and even perfume sprays.

Terpenes are somewhat secondary metabolites, if you look at them from a biological angle. They play no active role in the normal growth or reproduction of the cannabis plant. Instead, they attract special insect pollinators. They also protect the plant against pests and other predators that may try to destroy it. 

Terpenes are not exclusive to cannabis plants. They are also produced in other types of plants. However, marijuana produces hundreds of terpenes in significant amounts—thus, the strong scent. So far, there are about 140 different terpenes in cannabis. 

The Entourage Effect

Terpenes are bioactive, meaning they can affect the body. The entourage effect is a mechanism by which terpenes work in conjunction with CBD, THC, and other cannabinoids to produce enhanced therapeutic effects. Neither cannabinoids nor any terpene works alone. 

A study review published in Frontiers in Neurology discovered that sufferers of epilepsy who took a complete CBD-extract prescription saw their symptoms improve. They also experienced fewer side effects compared to those who ingested purified CBD. The conclusion was that the compounds in marijuana, like terpenes, affect how the body uses cannabinoids by offsetting certain undesirable effects of cannabinoids like THC. 

Common Terpenes and Their Benefits

Common Terpenes and Their Benefits

While there are over 100 terpenes found in a weed plant, a few of them are among the most widely used. Here are a few of the most common terpenes you’ll come across, coupled with their respective benefits.

Myrcene

Myrcene makes up the highest percentage of terpene in marijuana plants. Studies reveal that it makes up to 50 percent of the plant’s entire terpene composition. Its fragrance resembles an earthy, herbal, and musky scent. The aroma is like that of fruity red grapes. 

Myrcene is commonly located in other plants such as thyme, lemongrass, cardamom, bay leaves, and hops. Some of the weed strains rich in myrcene include Special Kush, White Widow, and Skunk XL. 

Myrcene is famous for its sedative effects. It’s a suitable option for sedation and pain relief. That’s why it’s usually prescribed as a supplement during chemotherapy sessions.

Myrcene is also an effective antioxidant. An experiment on mice revealed that this terpene could help guard the brain against oxidative damage after a stroke. Another experiment discovered that Myrcene delivered a similar protective function in heart tissue. 

As a side note, mangoes are also rich in myrcene. So, try and eat a mango before smoking your marijuana extract. You’ll be destined to feel an even stronger buzz. 

Limonene

Limonene is only second to myrcene as the most abundant terpene in marijuana strains. As its name implies, it is responsible for the zesty, citrusy aroma suggestive of limes and lemons. All citrus fruits boast huge quantities of this compound. 

This terpene is commonly used in cosmetics and cleaning products, such as perfumes, aftershaves, and bath products. Cannabis strains that contain the term “sour” or “lemon” in their label often contain limonene. 

Some of the strains that are rich in limonene include:

  • OG Kush
  • Super Lemon Haze
  • Sour Diesel
  • Jack Herer
  • Durban Poison
  • Jack the Ripper

For therapeutic properties, limonene is:

  • Antioxidant
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antidiabetic
  • Antiviral
  • Anticancer

Pinene

Pinene

Pinene is another naturally occurring copious terpene. It comes in two forms:

  •   Alpha pinene
  •   Beta pinene

These two compounds produce a scent resembling that of pine trees. They can be harvested in large quantities from pine needles. They are also found in other plants like orange peels, rosemary, parsley, and basil. 

As with other terpenes, pinene produces anti-inflammatory effects on patients suffering from inflammation and pain. More crucially, they are known to enhance airflow and breathing functions. They help to counteract against loss of memory brought about by THC.

Patients suffering from asthma, cancer, and Crohn’s disease may be able to alleviate their symptoms by using strains rich in pinene. Some of the cannabis strains rich in pinene include:

  • Strawberry Cough
  • Jack Herer
  • Island Sweet Skunk
  • Romulan
  • Blue Dream
  • Dutch Treat

Linalool

Linalool is largely responsible for the rich spicy and floral scent that is typical of marijuana. Apart from cannabis, this terpene is also found in mint, lavender, coriander, and cinnamon. 

Patients with seizures, depression, arthritis, sleep disorders, and even cancer can benefit from various therapeutic properties associated with this fantastic terpene. They are:

  •   Sedative
  •   Antimicrobial
  •   Anti-inflammatory
  •   Antidepressant
  •   Anti-anxiety
  •   Anticancer
  •   Neuroprotective

Popular linalool strains include OG shark, LA confidential, Lavender, Amnesia Haze, and Special Kush.

Beta-caryophyllene

If your marijuana strain has a peppery, clove-like sharp taste, then beta-caryophyllene is the chief suspect. This terpene is commonly found in cloves, rosemary, hops, black pepper, and basil. Like other terpenes, beta-caryophyllene has anti-inflammatory properties and alleviates pain symptoms in some people. It attaches to and activates CB2 receptors in the body.

In one animal research experiment, beta-caryophyllene was reported to alleviate pain from nerve inflammation. Its analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect can therefore effectively treat lasting chronic pain, as the animals’ bodies reacted positively to these effects.

Other studies have also discovered that this terpene can help with alcoholism rehabilitation by reducing deliberate consumption of alcohol. So, if you’re grappling with alcohol withdrawal symptoms, you can use caryophyllene. Some of the strains that contain this terpene include Rock Star, Skywalker, and Super Silver Haze.

Humulene

Humulene

Hop plants have humulene in abundance. Marijuana and other plants, like ginger and clove, also have it. Its scent is comprised of earthy, woody, and peppery notes.

Humulene boasts a wide range of medical properties. Just like many terpenes, humulene alleviates pain and inflammation and also protects against bacterial infections. Studies reveal that this terpene may have a protective effect that can fight cancer cells. It may also prevent asthma and other allergic reactions and can be used in weight control programs to suppress appetite. 

Some humulene-infused strains include:

  • Skywalker OG
  • Pink Kush
  • Sour Diesel 
  • Girl Scout Cookies
  • White Widow
  • Headband

Eucalyptol

This is the key terpene in eucalyptus trees. It’s also called cineole. Eucalyptol is behind the minty, pleasant, and somewhat spicy scent of certain marijuana strains. It accounts for about 0.06 percent of cannabis’s complete terpene composition. 

Because of the aromatherapy properties it possesses, eucalyptol is commonly used in products such as cough depressants, mouthwashes, and body powders. From a therapeutic perspective, this terpene alleviates pain and fights against bacteria and fungus buildup. Early research has also revealed some noteworthy effects on the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. You can find eucalyptol in strains like Headband and Super Silver Haze.

Geraniol

Geraniol smells like rose-scented perfume. That’s why it is commonly used in aromatic body lotions and bath products. Apart from weed plants, this terpene can be harvested from tobacco and lemons. 

Geraniol possesses the following properties:

  • Antimicrobial
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antibacterial
  • Antifungal

It can be found in strains like:

  • OG Shark
  • Master Kush
  • Island Sweet Skunk
  • Amnesia Haze
  • Afghani
  • Great White Shark
  • Headband

Alpha-bisabolol

This is also known as bisabolol or levomenol. It comes with a sweet floral scent. Apart from marijuana, you can find it in candei trees and chamomile flowers. Due to its pleasant aroma, it’s commonly used in the beauty industry. Research has also shown a couple of its medical benefits in weed plants.

Because of its analgesic and antioxidant properties, alpha-bisabolol can effectively treat bacterial infections and injuries. You will find it in several strains, including OG Shark, ACDC, Harle-Tsu, Headband, and Pink Kush.

Delta 3 Carene

Delta 3 Carene

This has a pleasant aroma, smelling like a cypress tree. It’s available in several plants, like cannabis, pine, cedar, basil, and rosemary. Its major medical attribute lies in helping to heal broken bones. Thus, it is suitable for patients with arthritis, osteoporosis, and fibromyalgia. 

Another exciting tidbit regarding this terpene is that it rouses your memory and boosts memory retention. This makes it a key component in the continued search for Alzheimer’s disease cure. 

Terpinolene

This terpene is found in marijuana plants in small quantities. Similar to pinene, its fragrance can be described as piney, with floral notes. It boasts a mint aftertaste. Terpinolene is used to manufacture cosmetics, perfumes, and flavors.

This terpene produces heavy relaxation effects. It is associated with the infamous couch-lock effect. From a medical standpoint, it offers sedative, antioxidant, and antibiotic properties. OG Kush, Jack Herer, and Girl Scout Cookies strains are usually filled with this terpene. 

Ocimene

Ocimene is less popular than other terpenes. It’s responsible for the pleasant, herbal scent and citrusy, woody flavor in marijuana. Ocimene is also harvested in tropical fruits like lavender, orchids, kumquats, and mangoes. 

Due to its floral scent, this terpene is used mostly in perfumes and acts as a protective agent against insects and other predators. Research shows that ocimene enjoys the following properties:

  • Antiviral
  • Antifungal
  • Anti-inflammatory

Trans-nerolidol

The aroma of this terpene is a blend of citrus, rose, and apples. It’s generally best described as citrusy, woody, and floral. It’s famous for its anticancer, antifungal, antioxidant, antimicrobial, and antiparasitic properties. Some of the strains rich in trans-nerolidol are Sweet Skunk, Skywalker OG, and Island Jack Herer. 

Borneol

This terpene has a distinct herbal minty aroma. It’s readily available in marijuana and herbs like camphor, mint, and rosemary. Borneol is a common ingredient in insect repellent products. Research has shown that this terpene destroys breast cancer cells. The famous acupuncture treatment method makes use of this terpene. Cannabis strains infused with Borneol include K13 Haze, Golden Haze, and Amnesia Haze.

Borneol

Camphene

Camphene emits an aroma that resembles musky earth and wet woodlands. The scent is similar to that of myrcene, which is the typical weed smell known to cannabis consumers

This terpene has tremendous potential on the medical front. A combination of camphene with vitamin C produces a powerful antioxidant. It is commonly used as a topical for skincare problems like psoriasis and eczema. 

Its arguably most significant benefit lies in its ability to reduce the amounts of triglycerides and cholesterol in the blood, thus alleviating the threat of cardiovascular ailments. Strains rich in camphene include Strawberry Banana, Ghost OG, and Mendocino Purps.

Valencene

The name of this terpene originates from sweet Valencia oranges. It boasts citrusy notes and flavors. It’s used in insect repellant products. Agent Orange and Tangie strains are usually high in Valencene. 

The Bottom Line

There you have it! Above is a detailed list of the common terpenes and their related medicinal properties. Because different cannabis strains come with varying terpene content, the best way to know what you’re getting is to read the product label.

The marijuana sold in state-regulated dispensaries usually undergoes mandatory state testing. So, each product’s label will indicate the type and quantity of terpene in the weed product.

How to Smoke Weed: 3 Ways to Consume Cannabis

As far as cannabis consumption goes, the delivery method is as important as the type of flower you consume. Most stoners only use one or two ways to take in their preferred marijuana strain. Some don’t even know about the other fascinating methods that are out there.  

In fact, new ways keep cropping up every day. How you consume cannabis determines the nature of the mental and physical benefits you stand to gain since each method delivers a unique experience. 

In this article, we’ll look at the different ways to partake in the “holy herb.” Let the experimentation begin.

Weed Consumption Methods

There is a host of ways to consume marijuana. All these delivery methods are classified into three categories:

  • Inhalation 
  • Oral
  • Topical

Thanks to this classification system, marijuana consumers can have an easy time finding their ideal method. 

Inhalation (Smoking)

This is the most traditional and time-tested method of consuming cannabis. Given that cannabinoids go into your body via your lungs this way, they’re absorbed directly into your bloodstream. Once the THC enters your circulatory system, it’s only a matter of seconds before it reaches your brain.

The good thing about smoking weed is that it affords you better control and monitoring of the amount of marijuana you consume. So, you’re less likely to overindulge and get too stoned. 

Here are the various smoking options.

Joints

Lighting up a joint is arguably the most common and widely used method of smoking cannabis. You only need three things to make a joint: rolling papers, a bud, and filters.

Your choice of paper will influence your smoking experience. Rolling papers are engineered to afford you a smooth, uniform burn. There are ever-increasing innovations in papers, from designs like terpene-infused papers to see-through rolling papers derived from plant cellulose. Simply roll cannabis buds in your preferred paper, then spark it up and enjoy your smoke.

Blunts

Blunts

Blunts are comparable to joints in several ways. However, blunts are rolled in cigar paper derived from the tobacco plant and filled with marijuana. Moreover, they are typically thicker and accommodate more cannabis, making them a more potent option than the smaller, thinner joint. Blunt users usually prefer the mixed effects of nicotine and weed.

Bongs

These are water pipes used with marijuana flowers. Water is used to cool the smoke right before it enters your lungs. As such, the smoke is smoother to inhale. Plus, the water serves as a filter, eliminating a number of the carcinogens present in smoke. Many experienced smokers prefer bongs to consume marijuana because of the abovementioned benefits coupled with the fact that they deliver quick, intense highs. 

Bowls

Smoking weed through a bowl is one of the most convenient consumption methods. Bowls are small hand pipes that bear a resemblance to tobacco pipes. They come in different designs and materials, including glass, wood, metal, silicone, and ceramic. Users can consume smaller amounts and don’t need to use rolling papers as they would with a joint. You can make do-it-yourself bowls from available products, like bananas or even apples if you’re creative enough.

Bubblers

Crossing an ordinary glass pipe and a water pipe produces a bubbler. They are smaller compared to bongs but somewhat bigger than the average bowl. They use water to give a clean smoke that is less harsh when you inhale it. Owing to their small size, they make an excellent alternative for those who love bongs but only want smaller doses. Plus, they are an excellent travel option. Their overall user-friendliness makes them a suitable choice for both novice and veteran smokers. 

Pre-rolls

Pre-rolls, also called pre-rolled joints, are ground-up marijuana flowers rolled in a wrap or rolling paper along with a filter. Imagine pre-rolls the way you see a cigarette, but replace the filled tobacco with cannabis. You don’t have to do the tough job of rolling it because it’s already done. All you do is buy it from the dispensary and light it up. Many users prefer pre-rolls, as they are discreet compared to bongs, dabs, or bowls.

Dabbing

Dabs are concentrated forms of marijuana created via the extraction of cannabinoids like THC from the weed plant. They are extracted using solvents like CO2, butane, or ethanol. Dabs are also called butane hash oil (BHO), wax, shatter, or budder. 

Dabbing requires specific equipment, including a dab rig. The wax concentrate is placed on the rig and then heated while the consumer inhales the smoke. When done correctly, the inhaled product can be clean and pure and deliver an intense high. New cannabis users love dabs, and this has seen the introduction of new dabbing products, like concentrate pens and weed extract cartridges.

Dabbing

Vaporizers

Vaping weed can be a healthier option than smoking because it heats the marijuana instead of burning it. A typical vaping device consists of a mouthpiece, chamber, and a heating system, powered by a compatible battery. The oil or distillate made of concentrated quantities of cannabinoids and terpenes is put in the chamber of the vape cartridge. It is then heated to a temperature that converts the active compounds into vapor. 

Most vaping devices heat weed products at relatively low temperatures, which activates many of the cannabinoids and terpenes present in each flower. They usually come with precise temperature controls so that users can select a temperature suited to the type of cannabinoid or terpene used. As such, you can effectively decarb or activate your weed with only negligible amounts being burned off. The three primary types of vaporizers are portable vaporizers, tabletop vaporizers, and vape pens.

Orals

Not an enthusiast of inhalants? No worries. You have alternative methods to consume your cannabis, including oral consumption. When weed is consumed orally, note that:

  • The resulting effects from the cannabinoids will take longer to show
  • The effects will be stronger

On average, marijuana users who opt for the oral consumption method will feel the effects after half an hour. At times, the effects may pop up more than an hour later and last longer, depending on the consumer. Plus, you will experience more substantial effects because during the digestion of the marijuana, the cannabinoids go through a chemical transformation that strengthens them.

Below are the different oral consumption methods.

Edibles

Edibles include any food item infused with cannabis. Classic examples are:

  • Cannabis ice cream
  • Weed cookies
  • Candies
  • Snacks

It may take almost two hours before you start feeling high from an edible, but that high will be intense and long-lasting.  

No matter the type of edible, its recipe calls for marijuana to undergo decarboxylation at some point. Decarboxylation is a process that involves applying low heat to cannabis for a prolonged period to stimulate its compounds, such as CBD and THC. You can directly mix a small amount of activated cannabis into your favorite food for an immediate edible experience

Edibles

Tinctures

Cannabis tinctures are sold in small dropper bottles and can be taken sublingually, added into different weed recipes, or swallowed for an edible effect. Administering them under your tongue allows the cannabinoids to be absorbed into your bloodstream quickly. Plus, the duration of effects is more prolonged than with smoking. 

Since they quickly enter the bloodstream when consumed sublingually, cannabis tinctures are suitable for users seeking quick but lasting effects of cannabinoids. Rates vary based on the individual and type of tincture, but the effects generally hit their peak at two or three hours. 

Medicinal users will benefit from the use of tinctures because they can easily measure and regulate the dosage through dropper vials. They are also suitable for non-smokers, those who want low doses, and those who don’t want the more potent high of edibles. Tinctures are discreet. Sublingual administration in public does not attract snooping eyes, like puffing a joint would.

Sprays

THC sprays are often either oil or alcohol based. They are mainly administered orally by spraying a few spritzes under the tongue, and then you can enjoy a fast-acting hit of cannabinoids. 

They come in varying ratios of CBD and THC and different flavors so that users can use them for medical or wellness purposes. They are well suited to all types of marijuana users, whether novice or experienced, because they come in a range of strengths. If you’re asthmatic and unable to inhale smoke, THC sprays can be your go-to weed consumption method. Typically, a few spritzes are all you need to get to a nice high place. 

Capsules

As with any prescription drug, cannabis can be administered in the form of a pill or capsule. Weed capsules are many users’ preferred way of consuming marijuana because of the following reasons:

  • They deliver a predictable dose of cannabinoids, so they are regarded as safer than smoking.
  • They are discreet since they don’t smell or release smoke.
  • They can treat different illnesses when mixed with other ingredients, like B12 vitamins or melatonin for insomnia.
  • The THC in them produces long-lasting psychoactive effects.

Dissolvable Strips

You’ve probably seen or used a breath strip, right? Weed strips borrow the same concept but are infused with CBD or THC. These are small squares of edible paper that effortlessly dissolve when they mix with your saliva. That makes your cannabis consumption as discreet as can be. 

Drinks

While drinks mixed with cannabis are nothing new, they are not the most popular way to ingest cannabis. It’s not a straightforward process, but you can make weed tea, weed beer, or even cannabis coffee right in the comfort of your home. All you need is decarboxylation, and then you can combine the decarbed concentrate with your choice of drink. 

Cannabis drinks vary. Some are entirely non-psychotropic or have milder high effects, thanks to a blend of CBD and THC strains. Others contain higher THC content and combine caffeine with THC to deliver a more potent high. If you prefer a chilled-out morning, consider CBD coffee for a relaxed feeling. 

Topicals

Topicals

Don’t fancy inhaling or ingesting your weed? Well, consider topicals. These are lotions infused with marijuana for relief from chronic pain, muscle spasms, and soreness. They employ the medicinal attributes of CBD to transform the way you feel. Some of the main types of topicals include:

Creams

You can apply CBD topical creams directly on your skin to target an area affected by pain. Since CBD does not produce the intoxicating effects that THC does, you will not feel high when you rub the cream on your skin. All you can expect is localized pain relief.

In fact, many athletes are turning to CBD creams as an alternative to OTC pain relievers because they can alleviate muscle aches without the possible side effects of medication. Apart from athletes, topical creams are also ideal for sufferers of paranoia, anxiety, pain, PTSD, and other serious conditions. 

Patches

Transdermal cannabis patches have made a late entry into the marijuana world. They’re the same as band-aids but infused with CBD, THC, or both. They’re not designed to get you high but to alleviate pain caused by a host of conditions. The patch is usually applied to a venous section of your body, like your wrist, arm, or ankle. Next, your body heat triggers the patch, which in turn releases a consistent stream of CBD into the bloodstream, delivering a discreet, steady relief.

The Bottom Line

At this point, you’re well aware of the different ways to consume cannabis. So, if you don’t love smoking, you can still get your dose of CBD or THC. Whether you’re using cannabis for purely medicinal purposes or want something to increase your focus, there’s a delivery method to suit your situation. Now, the onus is on you to figure out what suits you best.

The Basics of Cannabis Pre-Rolls and How They Can Help

As with tobacco products, the cannabis industry has witnessed the inevitable progression from hand-rolled cannabis to pre-rolled cannabis. A while back, learning how to roll a joint was like a rite of passage into the ganja world. But the current generation has not embraced the skill of rolling a joint like old school smokers. 

Rolling a joint on your own can be untidy and requires a bit of practice and several accessories like rolling papers, dried flower, a tray, grinder, and filters. Don’t fret if you have not learned or mastered the rolling technique but still wish to enjoy smoking a joint. Pre-rolls have come to your rescue.

Pre-rolls have stolen the spotlight from pipes and are now the inhalation means of choice. With the popularity of recreational marijuana growing in more and more states, most weed dispensaries now offer pre-rolled joints.

Are you looking to check out the wide variety of pre-rolls at your favorite store? Here are the basics of what they are, the different market varieties, and their myriad benefits. 

What Are Pre-rolls?

“Pre-roll” is now the industry jargon for “joint.” It’s currently in vogue as a way of smoking cannabis. A pre-roll is a premade joint packed with cannabis. It consists of a wrap or rolling paper, ground-up weed, and a filter stuck firmly at its base. Its size can vary from the length of a little finger to the length of your smartphone. You can purchase it from a marijuana dispensary, either in individual tubes or as multi-packs. Pre-rolls offer users an economical, disposable, and all-in-one smoking experience

Types of Pre-rolls

Here is a detailed list of some of the popular types available in most dispensaries:

Cannagars

These are arguably the crème de la crème of pre-rolls. They are made exclusively from the weed plant and packed with 4-8 grams of premium flower, usually infused with hash oil, rosin, or distillate. Because of their enormous size, they can be smoked for several days or shared among a group of friends. 

Classic Cone Joints

Classic Cone Joints

These are rolled up in rice, hemp, or unbleached wraps. The cones are packed with marijuana and then warped at the end to create a cone shape. This makes it easier for users to light up the joint evenly. Plus, the cone shape contributes to a more consistent burn.

King-sized Cones

These are much larger than the classic cones, so they are appropriate for puff-and-pass or sharing. They are packed with 1-1.75 grams of ground bud. A majority are shaped as either a funnel or cone, but a few feature wider filters that allow for bigger hits. 

Blunts

These contain at least one gram of cannabis flower. They come rolled up in either pressed hemp wrapping or conventional tobacco-leaf wrapper. Most dispensaries sell pre-rolled blunts made with cannabis wraps, which is advantageous because the cannabidiol (CBD) in the cannabis wrapper adds to a more cerebral effect than joints alone can provide. They boast of a variety of flavors as well. 

Ordinary Joints

Ordinary joints come in the size of a regular cigarette and are packed with 0.25-0.5 grams of bud. They are rolled with rice, hemp, or unbleached wraps. They also come with a small filter to ensure the safety of your lips during the smoking session. They are oblong and almost the size of your little finger.

Cannabis Cigarettes

These are paper funnels filled with 0.25-0.5 grams of flower bud. They are sold in multi-packs. Some feature foam cigarette filters, while others don’t. Most consumers love them, as they look similar to regular cigarettes, thus enhancing their discreetness. 

Kief Joints

These are only produced using kief and no actual flower. These pre-rolls pack about 0.25-0.75 grams of kief. Users get to smoke THC-rich trichome heads, leading to powerful psychoactive effects. While kief joints come in different shapes and sizes, ordinary joint papers and standard cones are the most popular ones.

Kief Joints

Myriad Benefits

Pre-rolls are a popular choice for many reasons, including: 

  • You no longer need to do the messy work of rolling. Buy it from your favorite dispensary and light up!
  • They are more discreet compared to dabs, bongs, or bowls.
  • They produce milder effects than edibles.
  • You can easily puff and pass among your friends.
  • They allow for customization, with the inclusion of caviar, kief, hash oil, and more.
  • You can buy multi-packs of pre-rolls at a cheaper cost.
  • Regardless of how finicky your tastebuds are, you will find one that matches your taste among the wide selection of pre-rolls.

How to Choose Pre-rolls

  • Strain choice: You need to know which cannabis strain is packed in a pre-roll. Check the label for  “sativa,” “indica,” or “hybrid.” 
  • Trim vs. whole bud: Pre-rolls can be made from trim (leftover marijuana leaves) or ground-up whole buds. Generally, whole bud pre-rolls offer higher strength and flavor compared to their trim counterparts. 
  • Packed tightly: A quality pre-roll is filled tightly, thus allowing for an even burn, producing bright white ash. In effect, users enjoy a clean, smooth flavor. 
  • Moisture content: The drier the cannabis flower, the better the smoking experience. Too much moisture is a haven for mold and bacteria growth within the sealed pre-rolled joint.
  • Sizes: Pre-rolls are available in different shapes and sizes, and choosing the best size will all depend on your personal choice. You can opt for long or short, fat or skinny, straight or tapered. The majority of pre-rolls are sold in either 0.5-gram or 1-gram sizes in individual or multi-packs.
  • Chosen closure: Pre-rolls are often sealed with a twist or a flat fold. Some users prefer a fold because it’s clean and compact, while others opt for a twisted end, as it hems in the joint neatly and serves as a convenient wick.
  • Safety: The rolling papers may be produced from flax, rice, hemp, or wood pulp and be bleached or unbleached. Opt for pre-rolled joints made from unprocessed and thin rolling papers to minimize the inhalation of paper materials or chemicals.

The Bottom Line

As we witness a change in the public perceptions of marijuana, more people are openly adopting its use. As such, pre-rolled joints have gained popularity, and it’s likely that it won’t only be the younger generation embracing it, but all smokers. It may seem on the surface like all pre-rolled joints are produced the same, but the reality is differences in production and composition make each type unique. Thus, the modern weed enthusiast has an endless list of pre-roll options to choose from.